Dog breeds originating in India are not so well known in Western countries. Everyone heard of Rottweiler, Pug, Pomeranian, German Shepherd, or Dachshund, but just a few people in the US are able to describe Gaddi Kutta, Combai, or Rajapalayam. Whereas there is a number of strong and ferocious native Indian dogs that are gaining popularity as pets not only in India but also outside their native country.
By Arjun Kumar
Here is a list of 10 most popular breeds that originate in India and were developed there.
Chippiparai, an Indian sighthound, is the most famous of hunting dog breeds originated in India. The name of the breed was developed from Chippiparai town in the South of India.
Chippiparai is Loyal, Independent, Robust, and it is so active during young stages! It does need lots of exercises, and it was bred to hunt. This dog is used for hunting wild boar, and it is an intelligent breed. It is also a wonderful watchdog that is used for guarding the home.
- Colors: Fawn, Silver-gray, Grey
- Height: Males and females 20 - 25 inches (50 - 64 cm)
- Weight: Males and Females 30 - 44 lbs (14 - 20 kg)
2) Indian Mastiff Bully Kutta
This is a famous and the most dangerous dog breed in India. Indian mastiffs are the largest and strongest mastiffs. It’s a rare dog breed from Southern India known as Bully Kutta, Bulli mastiff, Pakistani mastiff, and Sindh mastiff. The name comes from the Hindi/Urdu word bohli, meaning "heavily wrinkled" and kutta, which means dog.
The Indian mastiff is a very intelligent and noble breed; it’s a dog of a very good personality. Bully Kuttas were developed from the local Indian Mastiffs during the British Colonial rule in India and were used primarily for sporting purposes.
- Country of Origin: India/Pakistan
- Height: Male: 32 to 35 inches (81 - 88 cm), Female: 30 to 32 inches (76 - 81 cm)
- Weight: Male: 154 to 198 lbs (70 - 90 kg), Female: 154 to 198 lbs (70 - 90 kg)
- Lifespan: 8 to 10 years
3) Rampur Greyhound
The Rampur Hound dog is a sighthound native to the Northern Indian town of Rampur, which lies between Delhi and Bareilly. The governor of the Rampur, Ahmed Ali Khan Bahadur, brought this breed to life by combining the bloodlines of Asian Tazi and the English Greyhound, and gave it the name Rampur Greyhound.
The Rampur Hound is a dominant dog breed. It is an excellent guard dog, so if you are looking for a good guard this is a perfect option for you.
Types of Rampur Hound
a. Reza: They are very homely, little timid and playful in nature. They hunt smaller animals.
b. Sahi Shikari: They are royal, very strongly built and have powerful jaws.
c. Kesari: They look like Deerhound with a long coat. They are the rarest of all Rampur Hounds.
- Weight: about 60-66 lbs (27–30 kg)
- Height: male: 24–30 inches (60–75 cm); Female: 22–24 inches (55–60 cm)
- Lifespan: 13 to 14 years
4) Indian Pariah Dog
The Indian Pariah dog was named so in the British era. It is also known as the Indian Native Dog, Pye dog, Pie dog, the Pi dog, or the Indian dog. It is an extremely alert, very social dog. This is a classic watchdog and it is suitable for family protection.
It is a medium-sized dog of the square to slightly rectangular build and short coat. It has a double coat, a rough higher coat, and a soft undercoat. The most ordinarily discovered colors are brown, varying from dark to chromatic, with or without white markings.
The Indian dog can live between 13 and 15 years of age in congenial and comfortable conditions.
- Group: Hounds
- Weight: Male: 44–66 lbs (20–30 kg); Female: 33–55 lbs (15–25 kg)
- Height: Male: 20–25 inches (50 - 64 cm); Female: 18–23 inches (46 - 58 cm)
5) Indian Spitz
The Indian Spitz dogs got a huge popularity among the dog lovers in India and are considered to be perfect companions if trained well from an early age. They are very similar to Samoyed and German Spitz in appearance but have less thick coat and are smaller in size. Many people in India also confuse the Indian Spitz and the Pomeranian.
These dogs are extremely friendly with kids. If you are looking for a perfect family dog this is a one of the best choices for you.
- Weight: 11–15 lbs (5 - 7 kg)
- Height: 9 - 10 inches (22–25 cm)
- Lifespan: 10 to 14 years
6) Gaddi Kutta
Gaddi Kutta is a Mastiff type mountain dog from northern India, that varies within the Western Himalaya Mountains region. They are conjointly referred to as the Indian Panther Hounds.
Gaddi Kutta is widely utilized by native shepherds, especially the Gaddis tribe, and is supposed to be robust enough to repulse attacks of snow leopards, and to possess the intelligence to herd stray sheep and goats back to their pens. Being a strong Indian working dog, Gaddi Kutta is sometimes used as a fighting dog.
Gaddi Kutta is calm, ferocious, intuitive, territorial, loyal and protective. It can also be gentle with its owner, making a great family pet when socialized properly.
- Group: guard dogs (giant breed)
- Color: Red, Fawn, Brindle, Black Tan, Black Red
- Height: Male 22 - 31 inches (56 – 79 cm); Female: 20 - 22 inches (51 –57 cm)
- Weight: Male 88 - 99 lbs (40 – 45 kg); Female: 77 - 88 lbs (35 – 40 kg)
7) Kumaon Mastiff
The Kumaon Mastiff is a rare Molosser-type working breed of dog originating in the Uttarakhand state of India. It is estimated that only 150 to 200 Kumaon Mastiff dogs are remaining in the country.
Kumaon Mastiffs are extremely loyal to their masters and family members. The appearance of Kumaon Mastiff resembles Great Danes.
Kumaon Mastiff comes under large dog breeds. It has a fairly lean, well-boned, muscular body.
- Lifespan: 10-12 years
- Weight: 150 - 180 lbs (68 - 82 kg)
- Height: Male 23 – 26 inches (58 – 65 cm); Female 21 – 24 inches (53 – 61 cm)
8) Bakharwal dog
Bakharwal Dog is one of the best Indian dogs. The dogs of this breed are spread throughout the northern part of the Himalayan Range. Bakharwal Dog is also known as Gujjar Watchdog, Gujjar Dog, Kashmiri Mastiff, Kashmir Sheepdog, Bakarwal Mastiff and Kashmiri Bakharwal Dog.
Bakharwal Dog is an ancient breed, originating in the majestic Himalayan Mountains of India. The breed comes from a cross of the Tibetan Mastiff and the Indian Dog.
It is a very muscular and well-structured dog. It has more hairs on ears, neck, back and on the tail, and prefers colder climates. The dog has powerful solid shoulders, a powerful neck and head.
Bakharwal Dog is loyal, brave and protective. This is one of the most popular fighting dogs in the region.
- Origin: India, Kashmir, Pakistan
- Life Expectancy: 10 to 12 years
- Height: Male 25-30 inches (64 - 75 cm); Female 25-30 inches (64 - 75 cm)
- Weight: Male 70-120 lbs (31 - 54 kg); Female 70-120 lbs (31 - 54 kg)
- Color: Black, Tan, White, Tawny
Combai dogs are known for their bravery and their loyalty. These dogs are found in the border areas of Kerala state in the state of Tamil Nadu.
The Combai is an Indian dog breed, and just like other Indian breeds, it draws its name after the town in which it was developed i.e. Combai in Tamil Nadu. This breed has been in existence since at least 15th Century, and it has always been associated with the region of southern India now known as Tamil Nadu.
The Combai were used for hunting and as watchdogs, and were known as aggressive and savage dogs. These days Combais continue to be popular in South India and are celebrated as not just strong hunters but loyal family pets too.
- Colors: Red, Brown
- Lifespan: 12 to 15 Years
- Height: 17 - 25 inches (43 - 64 cm)
- Weight: 52 - 75 lbs (24 - 34 kg)
The Rajapalayam hound is a very popular and prestigious dog breed also known in India as Poligar hound. Its Rajapalayam name is derived from Rajapalayam village, which is located in Viridnagar district of Tamil Nadu. This dog was the companion of the royalty and aristocracy in southern India. It was used predominantly for hunting wild boar and as a formidable guard dog.
Rajapalayam hounds were primarily bred and used by Nayakar dynasty of Tamil Nadu. These dogs have been used since time immemorial to guard rice fields, houses and farms, and have legendary stories around them as well.
- Group: Hounds
- Height: 26 - 30 inches (65–75 cm)
- Life Span: 9 to 10 years
About the Author
Arjun Kumar is a dog trainer and handler. He has been training dogs in the Ahmedabad area of India for over 2.5 years. His aim is to make sure that as many puppies as possible are properly socialized.
Arjun Kumar is also the Chief Editor of a useful dog information resource dogmal.com
Please share your experience in relation to these wonderful Indian dog breeds!