The Central Asian Shepherd, the Alabai, or the Central Asian Ovcharka is strengthening its reputation in Europe and America as one of the best guard dogs.
This massive and powerful dog of above-average height has a bear-shaped head, a harmoniously built body with a large chest and wide back, covered in a thick and elastic, longer or shorter coat that can be one of many colors. The eyes of the Central Asian Shepherd are deeply set, dark, and alert, the nose is big, and its ears and tail are usually cropped very short.
The Central Asian dog breed which is thought to date back about 4000 years is probably the oldest of the ancient Molossers in the world. It developed as a result of severe natural selection on a huge territory along the ancient Silk Road from China to the Caspian Sea. Throughout its history the Central Asian Shepherd was used for livestock herding, flock, and caravan guarding, hunting, and protecting property. Left outside the house these dogs became hardy, healthy, and very self-sufficient. Many of them were used for dogfighting, just as the Caucasian dog.
The breed consists of numerous types and lines which differ in size, color, head, and coat. Most of these types have their own names, like Alabai (Alabay) in Turkmenistan. The kennel breeding of the Central Asian dog began in the former Soviet Union in the 30s of the last century. The Russian-made Central Asian Ovcharka (sheepdog in Russian) or Sredneaziatskaya Ovcharka (CAO) is the internationally known breed, recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1996.
Protective Guard Dog
This Russian dog breed is of a dominant type with a very strong protective instinct. Being generally calm and serene, the Central Asian dog has a very fearless and courageous personality. As a very independent guard dog, it doesn't need commands to control its territory, attacking and taking down an intruder on its own.
Fortunately, it is not as aggressive and fierce as the Caucasian dog. (click for video) When challenged it will stand its ground, but it will be usually good for the entire family. It is very important whether your dog comes from working, fighting, or livestock guardian line. The last one is the best for an intelligent and well-mannered house dog.
Owning Central Asian Shepherd
The lifespan for the Central Asian dog is about 12 years. Its health concerns include hip and elbow dysplasia, and sometimes bloat. Though shedding every spring this dog does not require much grooming.
The Central Asian Shepherd is best suited for experienced and strong-willed owners ready to work on the dog's broad socialization from the very beginning. It will adapt to living indoors but prefers to be outside in a securely fenced yard. This Russian dog is bright and capable of learning but it needs proper ongoing training.
Height: 24 to 32 inches (males 27-32, females 24-27)
Weight: 88 to 176 pounds (males 121-176, females 88-143)
Breed Names: Central Asia Shepherd Dog, Central Asian dog, Central Asian Shepherd, Central Asian Sheepdog, Central Asian Ovcharka, Sredneaziatskaya Ovcharka, CAO, Central Asian Ovtcharka, Alabai, Alabay, Aziat, CAS, Russian: Среднеазиатская овчарка
Say it in Russian:
Central Asia Shepherd Dog Breed Standard
Find a name for your Central Asian dog in Russian.
Learn some Russian dog commands!
Comments ( 30 )
July 26, 2017
I am fortunate enough to have a Turkmenistan Alabai. I trained her with the help of a professional trainer, at 4 months old, as soon as we brought her to live with us. I would have liked to have had her a bit younger however, she responded very well to training at four months. She already weighed about 40 pounds. She is protective but very loving and and when our son came to visit she picked our youngest grandchild of 2 years, to follow, guard and lavish with attention. Of course, this warmed my heart and I knew I had made the right decision in adding her to our family. I chose this breed of dog because most dogs that have been in America for any length of time have been so interbred (because irresponsible breeders) that it has ruined them in temperament and health. We needed a large dog, to live outside in our yard and go into the pastures to help with guarding our place and our livestock. She a perfect fit. She is now 7 years old and I do not know how I would ever find another one of these dogs. The person that I acquired her from had her mother and father and both dogs have died. Her mother and father had newly arrived from Turkmenistan.
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Central Asian Shepherd Dog / Alabai/ Central Asian OVcharka kennel
If you send us a story about your kennel and your dogs (with a few pictures) we can publish it on our website. Ref. https://wp.me/p25TKd-1Hi
Guardian Dog says
Hi would you be interested in doing a story about our Kennel? We specialize in breeding and training Central Asian Shepherd Dogs :) Our website is http://GuardianDog.net – Please feel free to email me if you’re interested. Also we have tons of amazing pictures we’d be willing to let you use if you give us credit for them :)
We would love to. Please view our message.
alabai Bush and york..Mele Gush even see that before someone jumps .. they were good friends .. now Mele Gush living in Slovakia…
sometimes leads to problems when live together two males and bitches come into season..then they do not break out area and both want to be leaders..
Hy,never..female with male live friendly..
my dogs have been living together five years and I don't have problem..
You can see it here:
alabaikka…so you dont have problems and everything is okey????
Hello..I also have a labrador male and two alabai females. my alabai girls learned to handle labrador but not it..they never will despite and I do not the problems ..
sorry for my english..☺