An airline dog created by the breeding kennel of the Russian national carrier Aeroflot is probably the best sniffer dog in the world. More than thirty representatives of this new dog breed are now sniffing out explosive substances in passengers’ luggage at the Moscow Sheremetyevo airport.
The Aeroflot officials claim that their airline dog which doesn’t have a recognized breed name yet is much more effective than traditional Labradors and German Shepherds. This unique dog “can sniff out certain explosives which machines can’t” with 95% probability.
The super sniffer dog is a cross between a Siberian Husky and a Golden Jackal. These two were picked for breeding process because of their extremely keen noses. During the process male Jackals were fostered on a Husky bitch in order to imprint the Jackals on dogs. These half-bred Husky-Jackals being hard to train were then bred back to Huskies to produce quarter-bred hybrids.
The new dog breed was first introduced by Klim Sulimov, the Aeroflot’s chief breeder, who has spent on his breeding experiments more than 28 years. “My dogs combine the qualities of Arctic reindeer herding dogs, which can work in temperatures as low as -70C, and jackals which enjoy the heat up to +40C”, Sulimov says. According to him, his airline dog is a "bio-detector" capable to detect the weakly volatile substances.
The Aeroflot's sniffer dogs begin training at a very young age. The kennel uses an old Tu-154 jet as their training facility and has a special vehicle to carry the dogs around.
According to Aeroflot officials, the creation of a special airline dog became a necessity because of the rise of terrorism. Many airlines have already expressed their interest in this new dog breed, and Aeroflot is even planning to market them worldwide at the price of $ 5,000 each. By today an agreement is achieved to loan airline dogs to other Russian carriers and Moscow airports.
Lundehund, Entlebucher and Xoloitzcuintli Get Recognition
The American Kennel Club (AKC) has announced its official recognition of three new dog breeds - the Norwegian Lundehund, the Entlebucher Mountain dog, and the Xoloitzcuintli.
The Norwegian Lundehund is a small Spitz type dog that comes from Norway. This dog has a great range of motion and is even able to bend its head backwards. Its special feature is an extra toe on each paw. (Photo Credit: Dries Smulders/Flickr)
The breed was originally developed to hunt puffins and their eggs. Lundehund can grab the birds from their nests in caves and crevices in remote parts of Norway.
The Norwegian Lundehund remains relatively rare outside its native country and will join the AKC's Non-Sporting Group.
Entlebucher Mountain Dog
The Entlebucher Mountain Dog is the smallest of the four Swiss mountain dog breeds. It is a square, medium-sized sturdy dog that has muscular body and black, white and tan coat with white on its toes, tail-tip, chest and blaze. (Photo Credit: Tambako the Jaguar/Flickr)
The Entlebucher Mountain Dog, or simply Entle, is generally good-natured and devoted towards its family and other people familiar to him. Originally bred for guarding and herding, Entle today is usually kept as a lively companion. It is quite popular in its native Switzerland.
This Swiss dog will join other shepherds in the AKC's Herding Group.
The Xoloitzcuintli, pronounced as “SHOH-loyts-KWEENT-lee” originates from Mexico. It is one of the oldest world dog breeds, which existed for more than 3,000 years. Xolos, as they are called for short, were considered sacred dogs by the Aztecs. (Photo Credit: Travis S. /Flickr)
This Mexican hairless dog varies greatly in size from about 10 lb to 50 lb (4 kg to 20 kg). It looks quite alike with the Mediterranean Pharaoh Hound. Xolo has a sleek body, large bat-like ears, a long neck, and almond-shaped eyes. Its usual colors are various shades of black, red, and blue.
This breed is not very well known in the United States. Like the Norwegian Lundehund it now joins the AKC's Non-Sporting Group.
The recognition of Lundehund, Entlebucher and Xoloitzcuintli brings the total number of dog breeds eligible to compete in American Kennel Club’s sanctioned dog shows to 170.